A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers

The SEE study

Gary S. Rubin, Edmond S W Ng, Karen J Bandeen Roche, Penelope M. Keyl, Ellen E. Freeman, Sheila K West, Christine Alston, David Alston, Deborah Donoway, Sherice Harrison, Millie Hernandez, Jennifer Istre-Walker, Michelle Johnson, Shelley Jones, Carolyn Porter Long, Matthew Lynch, Joshua Macintosh, Jo Ellen Mitchell, Jacquelyn Townsend, Leslie Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE. To determine the role of vision and visual attention factors in automobile crash involvement. METHODS. Drivers aged 65 to 84 years were identified during the baseline interview (1993-1995) of the Salisbury Eye Evaluation (SEE) Study. Crash involvement through December 1997 was determined from Maryland State motor vehicle records. Vision tests at baseline included distance acuity at normal and low luminance, contrast sensitivity, glare sensitivity, stereoacuity, and visual fields. Visual attention was evaluated with the Useful Field of View Test (UFOV; Visual Awareness, Chicago, IL). Survival analysis was used to determine the relative risk of a crash as a function of demographic variables, miles driven, vision, and visual attention. RESULTS. One hundred twenty (6.7%) of the 1801 drivers were involved in a crash during the observation interval. Glare sensitivity and binocular field loss were significant predictors of crash involvement (P <0.05). For those with moderate or better vision (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1483-1491
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

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Vision Disorders
Motor Vehicles
Glare
Vision Tests
Population
Automobiles
Contrast Sensitivity
Survival Analysis
Visual Fields
Observation
Demography
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers : The SEE study. / Rubin, Gary S.; Ng, Edmond S W; Bandeen Roche, Karen J; Keyl, Penelope M.; Freeman, Ellen E.; West, Sheila K; Alston, Christine; Alston, David; Donoway, Deborah; Harrison, Sherice; Hernandez, Millie; Istre-Walker, Jennifer; Johnson, Michelle; Jones, Shelley; Long, Carolyn Porter; Lynch, Matthew; Macintosh, Joshua; Mitchell, Jo Ellen; Townsend, Jacquelyn; Wilson, Leslie.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 48, No. 4, 04.2007, p. 1483-1491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rubin, GS, Ng, ESW, Bandeen Roche, KJ, Keyl, PM, Freeman, EE, West, SK, Alston, C, Alston, D, Donoway, D, Harrison, S, Hernandez, M, Istre-Walker, J, Johnson, M, Jones, S, Long, CP, Lynch, M, Macintosh, J, Mitchell, JE, Townsend, J & Wilson, L 2007, 'A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers: The SEE study', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 1483-1491. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.06-0474
Rubin, Gary S. ; Ng, Edmond S W ; Bandeen Roche, Karen J ; Keyl, Penelope M. ; Freeman, Ellen E. ; West, Sheila K ; Alston, Christine ; Alston, David ; Donoway, Deborah ; Harrison, Sherice ; Hernandez, Millie ; Istre-Walker, Jennifer ; Johnson, Michelle ; Jones, Shelley ; Long, Carolyn Porter ; Lynch, Matthew ; Macintosh, Joshua ; Mitchell, Jo Ellen ; Townsend, Jacquelyn ; Wilson, Leslie. / A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers : The SEE study. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2007 ; Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 1483-1491.
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