Transforming mutants of the p53 tumor suppressor gene can positively regulate transcription from several promoters that do not contain known p53 binding sites. Here, we report the identification of a novel p53 binding site in the human immunodeficiency virus long terminal repeat that specifically mediates mutant p53 transactivation. This DNA element was bound by endogenous Jurkat p53 when these cells were stimulated by tumor necrosis factor. Mutation of this sequence inhibited p53 transactivation and tumor necrosis factor inducibility of the human immunodeficiency virus type I long terminal repeat. In addition, this DNA element was found to be sufficient to confer mutant p53 responsiveness on a heterologous minimal promoter. It has been hypothesized that transforming mutants of p53 represent a proliferative conformational stage that can be adopted by the native protein under stimulation by growth factors. The data presented suggest that proliferative and antiproliferative p53 conformations recognize different DNA binding sites in order to mediate distinct biological functions. Thus, transforming mutants of p53 that fold into the proliferative conformation would favor proliferative over antiproliferative functions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology