A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF EMPIRICALLY DERIVED CONSEQUENCES FOR THE TREATMENT OF PICA

Wayne W. Fisher, Cathleen C. Piazza, Lynn G. Bowman, Patricia F. Kurtz, Michelle R. Sherer, Susan R. Lachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Individualized treatment packages were developed for 3 children with high‐rate severe pica using a discrimination training paradigm and a behavioral assessment‐based procedure known as empirically derived consequences. Children received empirically derived reinforcers for eating under appropriate stimulus conditions (i.e., eating food only from a plate and placemat that served as a discriminative stimulus) and empirically derived punishers for attempts to engage in pica. This treatment package resulted in marked reductions in pica and an increase in appropriate eating for all 3 children in a “baited” analogue condition. In addition, low rates of pica were maintained for 9 months for all 3 children. These results suggest that treatment effectiveness may be enhanced when behavioral assessment data are used to identify potent consequences. 1994 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-457
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Keywords

  • behavioral assessment
  • discrimination training
  • pica
  • severely mentally retarded

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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