A preliminary evaluation of empirically derived consequences for the treatment of pica.

W. W. Fisher, C. C. Piazza, L. G. Bowman, Patricia F Kurtz, M. R. Sherer, S. R. Lachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Individualized treatment packages were developed for 3 children with high-rate severe pica using a discrimination training paradigm and a behavioral assessment-based procedure known as empirically derived consequences. Children received empirically derived reinforcers for eating under appropriate stimulus conditions (i.e., eating food only from a plate and placemat that served as a discriminative stimulus) and empirically derived punishers for attempts to engage in pica. This treatment package resulted in marked reductions in pica and an increase in appropriate eating for all 3 children in a "baited" analogue condition. In addition, low rates of pica were maintained for 9 months for all 3 children. These results suggest that treatment effectiveness may be enhanced when behavioral assessment data are used to identify potent consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-457
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume27
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1994

Fingerprint

Pica
eating behavior
Eating
evaluation
stimulus
treatment effectiveness
Therapeutics
discrimination
paradigm
food
Food
Evaluation
Stimulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Fisher, W. W., Piazza, C. C., Bowman, L. G., Kurtz, P. F., Sherer, M. R., & Lachman, S. R. (1994). A preliminary evaluation of empirically derived consequences for the treatment of pica. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27(3), 447-457.

A preliminary evaluation of empirically derived consequences for the treatment of pica. / Fisher, W. W.; Piazza, C. C.; Bowman, L. G.; Kurtz, Patricia F; Sherer, M. R.; Lachman, S. R.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 27, No. 3, 09.1994, p. 447-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fisher, WW, Piazza, CC, Bowman, LG, Kurtz, PF, Sherer, MR & Lachman, SR 1994, 'A preliminary evaluation of empirically derived consequences for the treatment of pica.', Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 447-457.
Fisher, W. W. ; Piazza, C. C. ; Bowman, L. G. ; Kurtz, Patricia F ; Sherer, M. R. ; Lachman, S. R. / A preliminary evaluation of empirically derived consequences for the treatment of pica. In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1994 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 447-457.
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