A pre-processing pipeline to quantify, visualize, and reduce technical variation in protein microarray studies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Technical variation, or variation from non-biological sources, is present in most laboratory assays. Correcting for this variation enables analysts to extract a biological signal that informs questions of interest. However, each assay has different sources and levels of technical variation, and the choice of correction methods can impact downstream analyses. Compared to similar assays such as DNA microarrays, relatively few methods have been developed and evaluated for protein microarrays, a versatile tool for measuring levels of various proteins in serum samples. Here, we propose a pre-processing pipeline to correct for some common sources of technical variation in protein microarrays. The pipeline builds upon an existing normalization method by using controls to reduce technical variation. We evaluate our method using data from two protein microarray studies and by simulation. We demonstrate that pre-processing choices impact the fluorescent-intensity based ranks of proteins, which in turn, impact downstream analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProteomics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Bland–Atlman plots
  • measurement agreement
  • normalization
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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