We propose a new drug and dye delivery system that would allow repeated release of substances in the ocular vasculature by an externally controlled mechanism. The substances are encapsulated in heat-sensitive liposomes, which are lysed by locally applying a heat pulse produced by an argon laser. The system was tested by investigating the release of carboxyfluorescein encapsulated in the liposomes. The liposome suspension was incubated at 37° or 38.5°C and irradiated at different powers and pulse durations. The amount of dye released was monitored by fluorophotometry and compared with the concentration obtained when the liposomes were lysed at their transition temperature of 41°C. The results showed that 85% of the encapsulated substance can be released. Moreover, a dramatic contrast was observed between the fluorescence before and after the lysis. Presently the energy density is higher than but close to the maximal permissible exposure for humans. The realease mechanism with the short laser pulse appeared to be similar to that present when liposomes were heated slowly.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience