A potent inhibitor of neurite outgrowth that predominates in the extracellular matrix of reactive astrocytes

David R. Canning, Ahmet Höke, Charles J. Malemud, Jerry Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In a model of astrogliosis in vitro, cultured cortical astrocytes were triggered into a functionally reactive state by an immobilized fragment of the β-amyloid peptide. Induced astrocytes produced an extracellular matrix that inhibited the outgrowth of embryonic CNS axons. Within the extracellular matrix deposited by reactive astrocytes, we found an overall increase in the deposition of chondroitin sulphate that accounted for the inhibition. Specifically, we have detected an increased biosynthesis of a small chondroitin/heparan sulphate proteoglycan that is a potent inhibitor of axon outgrowth. We further suggest that this proteoglycan, or related molecules yet to be discovered, may play a role in gliosis-mediated regenerative failure of CNS axons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-175
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNS
  • Chondroitin sulphate
  • Gliosis
  • Proteoglycan
  • Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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