A phase II, open-label, extension study of long-term patisiran treatment in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis

Teresa Coelho, David Adams, Isabel Conceição, Márcia Waddington-Cruz, Hartmut H. Schmidt, Juan Buades, Josep Campistol, John L. Berk, Michael Polydefkis, Jing Jing Wang, Jihong Chen, Marianne T. Sweetser, Jared Gollob, Ole B. Suhr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patisiran, an RNA interference therapeutic, has demonstrated robust reduction of wild-type and mutant transthyretin protein and was able to improve polyneuropathy and quality of life following 18 months of treatment in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis. In this 24-month Phase II open-label extension study, we evaluated the effects of patisiran treatment (0.3 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks) on safety, serum transthyretin levels, and clinical parameters. Efficacy assessments included modified Neuropathy Impairment Score +7 (mNIS+7) and multiple disease-relevant measures. Cardiac assessments were performed in a pre-specified cardiac subgroup. Results: Twenty-seven patients entered this study, including 12 (44%) with ambulation difficulties due to their neuropathy and 11 (41%) who met criteria for the cardiac subgroup. During treatment, the majority of adverse events were mild/moderate in severity; there were no drug-related adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation. The most common drug-related adverse events were flushing and infusion-related reactions (22% each). Patisiran resulted in rapid, robust (~ 82%), and sustained reduction of mean transthyretin levels over 24 months. A mean 6.95-point decrease (improvement) in mNIS+7 from baseline was observed at 24 months. Patisiran's impact on mNIS+7 was irrespective of concomitant tafamidis or diflunisal use, sex, or age. Clinical assessments of motor function, autonomic symptoms, disease stage, and quality of life remained stable over 24 months. No significant changes were observed for echocardiographic measures or cardiac biomarkers in the cardiac subgroup. Exploratory analyses demonstrated improvements in nerve-fiber density with corresponding reductions in amyloid burden observed in skin biopsies over 24 months. Conclusions: Long-term treatment with patisiran had an acceptable safety profile and was associated with halting/improvement of polyneuropathy progression in patients with hATTR amyloidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number179
JournalOrphanet journal of rare diseases
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2020

Keywords

  • ATTR amyloidosis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Patisiran
  • Polyneuropathy
  • RNA interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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