Background:This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ziv-aflibercept in combination with cisplatin and pemetrexed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:This single arm, multicentre phase II trial enrolled patients with previously untreated, locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous NSCLC. Patients received intravenous ziv-aflibercept 6 mg kg-1, pemetrexed 500 mg m-2, and cisplatin 75 mg m-2, every 21 days for up to six cycles. Maintenance administration of ziv-aflibercept was to continue until disease progression, intolerable toxicity or other cause for withdrawal. The co-primary end points were objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS). Planned sample size was 72 patients.Results:The study was closed prematurely because of three confirmed and two suspected cases of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS). A total of 42 patients were enrolled. Median age was 61.5 years; 55% were male, 86% Caucasian and 50% had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS)=0. A median of four cycles of ziv-aflibercept was administered. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) of any grade were nausea (69%) and fatigue (67%), with hypertension (36%) as the most common grade 3/4 TEAE. Of the 38 evaluable patients, ORR was 26% and median PFS was 5 months.Conclusion:Cases of RPLS had been observed in other studies in the ziv-aflibercept clinical development programme but the rate observed in this study was higher than previously observed. This might be related to declining renal function and/or hypertension. Although ORR and PFS were in accordance with most historical first-line NSCLC studies, this combination of ziv-aflibercept/cisplatin/pemetrexed will not be further explored in NSCLC.
- non-small cell lung cancer
- reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research