Purpose:For patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer, multi-agent intravesical trials have been limited. In this study we investigate the safety of intravesical cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin in the salvage setting.Materials and Methods:This was a dose escalation, drug escalation trial for patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer who declined or were ineligible for radical cystectomy. All patients underwent a 6-week induction regimen of sequentially administered cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin. Complete response was defined as no cancer on post-induction transurethral bladder tumor resection and negative urine cytology, while partial response allowed for positive cytology. Responders continued with maintenance cabazitaxel and gemcitabine monthly for the first year and bimonthly for the second year.Results:A total of 18 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 71 years, median followup was 27.8 months (range 16.3 to 46.9) and mean number of previous rounds of intravesical therapies before trial enrollment was 3.7. Nine patients (50%) had received intravesical chemotherapy after bacillus Calmette-Guérin and 7 (39%) were previously treated in a phase I clinical trial setting. At enrollment 6 (33%) subjects had T1 disease and 13 (72%) had carcinoma in situ. There were no dose limiting toxicities. Initial partial and complete response rates were 94% and 89%, respectively. At 1 year recurrence-free survival was 0.83 (range 0.57 to 0.94) and at 2 years estimated recurrence-free survival was 0.64 (0.32 to 0.84).Conclusions:In this high risk and highly pretreated cohort of bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer cases combination intravesical cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin was a well tolerated and potentially effective regimen.
- urinary bladder neoplasms
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