A phase I study of topotecan, carboplatin and the PARP inhibitor veliparib in acute leukemias, aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasms, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia

Keith Pratz, Michelle Rudek-Renaut, Ivana Gojo, Mark R. Litzow, Michael A. McDevitt, Jiuping Ji, Larry M. Karnitz, James G. Herman, Robert J. Kinders, B Douglas Smith, Steven D. Gore, Hetty E. Carraway, Margaret Showel, Douglas Gladstone, Mark J Levis, Hua Ling Tsai, Gary Rosner, Alice Chen, Scott H. Kaufmann, Judith Karp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The PARP inhibitor veliparib delays DNA repair and potentiates cytotoxicity of multiple classes of chemotherapy drugs, including topoisomerase I inhibitors and platinating agents. This study evaluated veliparib incorporation into leukemia induction therapy using a previously described topotecan/carboplatin backbone. Experimental Design: Employing a 3+3 trial design, we administered escalating doses of veliparib combined with topotecan + carboplatin in relapsed or refractory acute leukemias, aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Results: A total of 99 patients received veliparib 10-100 mg orally twice daily on days 1-8, 1-14, or 1-21 along with continuous infusion topotecan 1.0-1.2 mg/m2/d + carboplatin 120-150 mg/m2/d on days 3-7. The MTD was veliparib 80 mg twice daily for up to 21 days with topotecan 1.2 mg/m2/d + carboplatin 150 mg/m2/d. Mucositis was dose limiting and correlated with high veliparib concentrations. The response rate was 33% overall (33/99: 14 CR, 11 CRi, 8 PR) but was 64% (14/22) for patients with antecedent or associated aggressive MPNs or CMML. Leukemias with baseline DNA repair defects, as evidenced by impaired DNA damage-induced FANCD2 monoubiquitination, had improved survival [HR = 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.27-0.92)]. A single 80-mg dose of veliparib, as well as veliparib in combination with topotecan + carboplatin, induced DNA damage as manifested by histone H2AX phosphorylation in CD34+ leukemia cells, with greater phosphorylation in cells from responders. Conclusions: The veliparib/topotecan/carboplatin combination warrants further investigation, particularly in patients with aggressive MPNs, CMML, and MPN- or CMML-related acute leukemias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-907
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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