Combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA4P) is a novel antitumor vascular targeting agent, the first agent of this class of compounds to enter the clinic. We performed a Phase I trial to determine the maximum-tolerated dose, safety, and pharmacokinetic profile of CA4P on a single-dose i.v. schedule. We also obtained preliminary data on its effect on tumor blood flow using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) techniques and cell adhesion molecules at the higher-dose levels. Twenty-five assessable patients with advanced cancer received a total of 107 cycles over the following dose escalation schema: 18, 36, 60, 90 mg/m2 as a 10-min infusion and 60 mg/m2 as a 60-min infusion at 3-week intervals. There was no significant myelotoxicity, stomatitis, or alopecia. Tumor pain was a unique side effect, which occurred in 10% of cycles, and there were four episodes of dose-limiting toxicity at dosages ≥60 mg/m2, including two episodes of acute coronary syndrome. Pharmacokinetics revealed rapid dephosphorylation of the parent compound (CA4P) to combretastatin A4 (CA4), with a short plasma half-life (30 min). A significant (P < 0.03) decline in gradient peak tumor blood flow by DCE-MRI in six of seven patients treated at 60 mg/m2 was observed. A patient with anaplastic thyroid cancer had a complete response and is alive 30 months after treatment. The toxicity profile is consistent with a drug that is "vascularly active" and devoid of traditional "cytotoxic" side effects. Dosages ≤60 mg/m2 as a 10-min infusion define the upper boundary of the maximum-tolerated dose.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research