A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of SAM486A, a novel polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor, administered on a daily-times-five every-three-week schedule in patients with advanced solid malignancies

Lillian L. Siu, Eric K. Rowinsky, Lisa A. Hammond, Geoffrey R. Weiss, Manuel Hidalgo, Gary M. Clark, Judy Moczygemba, Les Choi, Ron Linnartz, Nicholas C. Barbet, Ivo T. Sklenar, Renaud Capdeville, Gregory Gan, Carl W. Porter, Daniel D. Von Hoff, S. Gail Eckhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: SAM486A is a novel inhibitor of the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC). This study was performed to characterize the toxicity profile and the pharmacological behavior and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SAM486A administered by a 1-h i.v. infusion daily for 5 days every 3 weeks in patients with advanced cancer. Experimental Design: Twenty-three patients received 46 cycles of SAM486A at dose levels ranging from 3.6 to 202.8 mg/m2/day. SAM486A plasma concentrations were measured during the first cycle for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluations. Paired tumor biopsy specimens pre- and posttreatment were obtained in 1 patient to assess the impact of SAM486A on intratumoral enzymes and metabolites involved in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway. Results: The dose-limiting toxicity of SAM486A on this schedule was myelosuppression. Nonhematological toxicities, including nausea, vomiting, anorexia, and fatigue, were mild to moderate in severity. The MTD of SAM486A was 102.4 mg/m2/day. Pharmacokinetic analyses demonstrated a rapid initial decrease in plasma drug concentrations at the end of infusion, followed by a long terminal elimination phase with a mean (± SD) terminal elimination half-life of 65.4 ± 55.6 h. Dose and area under the concentration-time curve correlated with the appearance of grade 4 neutropenia with correlation coefficients of 0.70 and 0.69, respectively. Analysis of paired tumor biopsy specimens taken before and after SAM486A treatment in 1 patient with metastatic melanoma revealed decreased SAMDC activity, increased ornithine decarboxylase activity, increased levels of putrescine, and depleted levels of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine and spermine, all of which are consistent with the proposed mode of action of SAM486A. Conclusions: SAM486A was well tolerated on this schedule of administration with the MTD established at 102.4 mg/m2/day. Neutropenia was dose-limiting and correlated with dose and area under the concentration-time curve. Pharmacodynamic assessment of tumoral tissues in 1 study patient demonstrated changes in the levels of polyamines and their biosynthetic enzymes consistent with SAMDC inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2157-2166
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume8
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of SAM486A, a novel polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor, administered on a daily-times-five every-three-week schedule in patients with advanced solid malignancies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this