A pharmacodynamic study of the FLT3 inhibitor KW-2449 yields insight into the basis for clinical response

Keith W. Pratz, Jorge Cortes, Gail J. Roboz, Niranjan Rao, Omotayo Arowojolu, Adam Stine, Yukimasa Shiotsu, Aiko Shudo, Shiro Akinaga, Donald Small, Judith E. Karp, Mark Levis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Internal tandem duplication mutations of FLT3 (FLT3/ITD mutations) are common in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and confer a poor prognosis. This would suggest that FLT3 is an ideal therapeutic target, but FLT3 targeted therapy has produced only modest benefits in clinical trials. Due to technical obstacles, the assessment of target inhibition in patients treated with FLT3 inhibitors has been limited and generally only qualitative. KW-2449 is a novel multitargeted kinase inhibitor that induces cytotoxicity in Molm14 cells (which harbor an FLT3/ITD mutation). The cytotoxic effect occurs primarily at concentrations sufficient to inhibit FLT3 autophosphorylation to less than 20% of its baseline. We report here correlative data from a phase 1 trial of KW-2449, a trial in which typical transient reductions in the peripheral blast counts were observed. Using quantitative measurement of FLT3 inhibition over time in these patients, we confirmed that FLT3 was inhibited, but only transiently to less than 20% of baseline.Our results suggest that the failure to fully inhibit FLT3 in sustained fashion may be an underlying reason for the minimal success of FLT3 inhibitors to date, and stress the importance of confirming in vivo target inhibition when taking a targeted agent into the clinical setting. The clinical studies are registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00346632.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3938-3946
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume113
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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