A Pex7 hypomorphic mouse model for plasmalogen deficiency affecting the lens and skeleton

Nancy Braverman, Rui Zhang, Li Chen, Graeme Nimmo, Sarah Scheper, Tammy Tran, Rupsa Chaudhury, Ann Moser, Steven Steinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1 is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder with the clinical features of rhizomelia, abnormal epiphyseal calcifications, congenital cataracts, and profound growth and developmental delays. It is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, caused by defects in the peroxisome receptor, PEX7. The pathology results from a deficiency of plasmalogens, a critical class of ether phospholipids whose functions are largely unknown. To study plasmalogens in an animal model, avoid early mortality and facilitate therapeutic investigations in this disease, we engineered a hypomorphic mouse model in which Pex7 transcript levels are reduced to less than 5% of wild type. These mice are born in expected ratios, are fertile and have a normal life span. However, they are petite and develop early cataracts. Further investigations showed delayed endochondral ossification and abnormalities in lens fibers. The biochemical features of reduced Pex7 function were reproduced in this model, including tissue plasmalogen deficiency, phytanic acid accumulation, reduced import of Pex7 ligands and consequent defects in plasmalogen biosynthesis and phytanic acid oxidation. Dietary supplementation with batyl alcohol, a plasmalogen precursor, recovered ether phospholipids in blood, but did not alter the clinical phenotype. The relatively mild phenotype of these mice mimics patients with milder PEX7 defects, and highlights the skeleton and lens as sensitive markers of plasmalogen deficiency. The role of plasmalogens in the normal function of these tissues at various ages can now be studied and additional therapeutic interventions tested in this model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-416
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular genetics and metabolism
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • Mouse models
  • Peroxisome biogenesis disorder
  • Pex7
  • Phytanic acid
  • Plasmalogens
  • Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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  • Cite this

    Braverman, N., Zhang, R., Chen, L., Nimmo, G., Scheper, S., Tran, T., Chaudhury, R., Moser, A., & Steinberg, S. (2010). A Pex7 hypomorphic mouse model for plasmalogen deficiency affecting the lens and skeleton. Molecular genetics and metabolism, 99(4), 408-416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2009.12.005