A particle-based model for prediction of cement diffusion during osteoporotic hip augmentation surgery: Theory and validation

E. Basafa, Y. Otake, M. D. Kutzer, R. S. Armiger, M. Armand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Elderly patients with preexisting osteoporotic hip fracture are at high risk of a subsequent fracture in their contralateral hip. Current preventive approaches commonly have a long delay in restoring bone strength leaving patients at continued risk despite preventive efforts. Femoroplasty - injection of bone cement into the proximal femur - has been proposed as a potential preventive approach. However, it can cause complications because of extravasation of the cement into unwanted regions of the bone and an increased pressure within the bone, if not controlled and planned carefully. Therefore, precise modeling of the diffusion of the bone cement in osteoporotic bone and control over the injection process is of substantial importance. This paper presents a patient-specific fluid dynamics model to simulate the diffusion of the bone cement inside femur. The model is based on the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method for particle-based modeling of fluids. The Navier-Stokes equations were built into the SPH formulations and viscosity effects were added to model the flow of cement inside porous media. To validate the model, a new prototype automatic injection device was used to inject acrylic silicone into a porous foam block. Results of simulation of the injection show close matching with experimental data. The model is therefore promising for further development of optimized and fully controlled femoroplasty procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010
Pages381-390
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Nov 12 2010Nov 18 2010

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume2

Other

OtherASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period11/12/1011/18/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A particle-based model for prediction of cement diffusion during osteoporotic hip augmentation surgery: Theory and validation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this