A partial L5 spinal nerve ligation induces a limited prolongation of mechanical allodynia in rats: An efficient model for studying mechanisms of neuropathic pain

Yun Guan, Frank Yuan, Alene F. Carteret, Srinivasa Naga Raja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between pain severity and the extent of injury to a peripheral nerve remains elusive. In this study, we compared the pain behavior resulting from partial (1/3-1/2 thickness) and full L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The decrease in paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli in the hindpaw ipsilateral to the injury was comparable in the two groups on days 3-21 post-injury. However, the decreased PWT recovered earlier in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. These observations suggest that the duration of neuropathic pain behavior, but not the early development of mechanical allodynia, is dependent on the extent of nerve injury. On days 6 and 15 post-injury, when the mechanical allodynia was similar in the two groups, systemic morphine induced a greater reduction of mechanical allodynia in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. Furthermore, in partial SNL rats, at post-injury time points when they had largely recovered from the neuropathic pain state, systemic administration of naloxone hydrochloride (day 53) or naloxone methiodide (a non-selective peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist; day 64) or intra-plantar injection of naloxone methiodide rekindled mechanical pain hypersensitivity in the ipsilateral hindpaw, suggesting a prolonged activation of endogenous opioidergic pain-inhibition. Therefore, partial SNL in rats may represent an efficient model for studying the mechanisms of neuropathic pain, testing effects of analgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs, and understanding endogenous pain-inhibitory mechanisms that lead to reversal of the pain behavior with time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume471
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2010

Fingerprint

Spinal Nerves
Hyperalgesia
Neuralgia
Ligation
Pain
Wounds and Injuries
Narcotic Antagonists
Naloxone
Peripheral Nerves
Morphine
Analgesics
Hypersensitivity
Injections

Keywords

  • Mechanical allodynia
  • Morphine
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Partial spinal nerve injury
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "A partial L5 spinal nerve ligation induces a limited prolongation of mechanical allodynia in rats: An efficient model for studying mechanisms of neuropathic pain",
abstract = "The relationship between pain severity and the extent of injury to a peripheral nerve remains elusive. In this study, we compared the pain behavior resulting from partial (1/3-1/2 thickness) and full L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The decrease in paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli in the hindpaw ipsilateral to the injury was comparable in the two groups on days 3-21 post-injury. However, the decreased PWT recovered earlier in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. These observations suggest that the duration of neuropathic pain behavior, but not the early development of mechanical allodynia, is dependent on the extent of nerve injury. On days 6 and 15 post-injury, when the mechanical allodynia was similar in the two groups, systemic morphine induced a greater reduction of mechanical allodynia in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. Furthermore, in partial SNL rats, at post-injury time points when they had largely recovered from the neuropathic pain state, systemic administration of naloxone hydrochloride (day 53) or naloxone methiodide (a non-selective peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist; day 64) or intra-plantar injection of naloxone methiodide rekindled mechanical pain hypersensitivity in the ipsilateral hindpaw, suggesting a prolonged activation of endogenous opioidergic pain-inhibition. Therefore, partial SNL in rats may represent an efficient model for studying the mechanisms of neuropathic pain, testing effects of analgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs, and understanding endogenous pain-inhibitory mechanisms that lead to reversal of the pain behavior with time.",
keywords = "Mechanical allodynia, Morphine, Neuropathic pain, Partial spinal nerve injury, Rat",
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T1 - A partial L5 spinal nerve ligation induces a limited prolongation of mechanical allodynia in rats

T2 - An efficient model for studying mechanisms of neuropathic pain

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AU - Raja, Srinivasa Naga

PY - 2010/2/26

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N2 - The relationship between pain severity and the extent of injury to a peripheral nerve remains elusive. In this study, we compared the pain behavior resulting from partial (1/3-1/2 thickness) and full L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The decrease in paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli in the hindpaw ipsilateral to the injury was comparable in the two groups on days 3-21 post-injury. However, the decreased PWT recovered earlier in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. These observations suggest that the duration of neuropathic pain behavior, but not the early development of mechanical allodynia, is dependent on the extent of nerve injury. On days 6 and 15 post-injury, when the mechanical allodynia was similar in the two groups, systemic morphine induced a greater reduction of mechanical allodynia in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. Furthermore, in partial SNL rats, at post-injury time points when they had largely recovered from the neuropathic pain state, systemic administration of naloxone hydrochloride (day 53) or naloxone methiodide (a non-selective peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist; day 64) or intra-plantar injection of naloxone methiodide rekindled mechanical pain hypersensitivity in the ipsilateral hindpaw, suggesting a prolonged activation of endogenous opioidergic pain-inhibition. Therefore, partial SNL in rats may represent an efficient model for studying the mechanisms of neuropathic pain, testing effects of analgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs, and understanding endogenous pain-inhibitory mechanisms that lead to reversal of the pain behavior with time.

AB - The relationship between pain severity and the extent of injury to a peripheral nerve remains elusive. In this study, we compared the pain behavior resulting from partial (1/3-1/2 thickness) and full L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The decrease in paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli in the hindpaw ipsilateral to the injury was comparable in the two groups on days 3-21 post-injury. However, the decreased PWT recovered earlier in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. These observations suggest that the duration of neuropathic pain behavior, but not the early development of mechanical allodynia, is dependent on the extent of nerve injury. On days 6 and 15 post-injury, when the mechanical allodynia was similar in the two groups, systemic morphine induced a greater reduction of mechanical allodynia in the partial SNL group than in the full SNL group. Furthermore, in partial SNL rats, at post-injury time points when they had largely recovered from the neuropathic pain state, systemic administration of naloxone hydrochloride (day 53) or naloxone methiodide (a non-selective peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist; day 64) or intra-plantar injection of naloxone methiodide rekindled mechanical pain hypersensitivity in the ipsilateral hindpaw, suggesting a prolonged activation of endogenous opioidergic pain-inhibition. Therefore, partial SNL in rats may represent an efficient model for studying the mechanisms of neuropathic pain, testing effects of analgesic/antihyperalgesic drugs, and understanding endogenous pain-inhibitory mechanisms that lead to reversal of the pain behavior with time.

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