A numerical study of the shape of the surface separating flow into branches in microvascular bifurcations

G. Enden, A. S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The shape of the separating surf ace formed by the streamlines entering the branches of microvascular bifurcations plays a major role in determining the distribution of red blood cells and other blood constituents downstream from the bifurcation. Using the finite element method, we determined the shape of the surface through numerical solution of three dimensional Navier-Stokes equations for fluid flow at low Reynolds numbers in a T-type bifurcation of circular tubes. Calculations were done for a wide range of daughter branch to parent vessel diameter ratios and flow ratios. The effect of Reynolds number was also studied. Our numerical results are in good agreement with previously reported experimental data of Rong and Carr (Microvascular Research, Vol. 39, pp. 186-202, 1990). The numerical results of this study will be used to predict the concentration of blood constituents downstream from microvascular bifurcations providing that the inlet concentration profile is known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

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