A Novel Sleep Stage Scoring System: Combining Expert-Based Rules with a Decision Tree Classifier

Kristin M. Gunnarsdottir, Charlene E. Gamaldo, Rachel M.E. Salas, Joshua B. Ewen, Richard P. Allen, Sridevi V. Sarma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Overnight polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard tool used to characterize sleep and for diagnosing sleep disorders. PSG is a non-invasive procedure that collects various physiological data which is then scored by sleep specialists who assign a sleep stage to every 30-second window of the data according to predefined scoring rules. In this study, we aimed to automate the process of sleep stage scoring of overnight PSG data while adhering to expert-based rules. We developed an algorithm utilizing a likelihood ratio decision tree classifier and extracted features from EEG, EMG and EOG signals based on predefined rules of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Manual. Specifically, features were computed in 30-second epochs in the time and the frequency domains of the signals and used as inputs to the classifier which assigned each epoch to one of five possible stages: N3, N2, N1, REM or Wake. The algorithm was trained and tested on PSG data from 38 healthy individuals with no reported sleep disturbances. The overall scoring accuracy was 80.70% on the test set, which was comparable to the training set. Our results imply that the automatic classification is highly robust, fast, consistent with visual scoring and is highly interpretable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3240-3243
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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