A Novel Once-Daily Fixed-Dose Combination of Memantine Extended Release and Donepezil for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Alzheimer’s Disease: Two Phase I Studies in Healthy Volunteers

Ramesh Boinpally, Laishun Chen, Stephen R. Zukin, Natalie McClure, Robert K. Hofbauer, Antonia Periclou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Combining two standard-of-care medications for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) into a single once-daily dosage unit may improve treatment adherence, facilitate drug administration, and reduce caregiver burden. A new fixed-dose combination (FDC) capsule containing 28 mg memantine extended release (ER) and 10 mg donepezil was evaluated for bioequivalence with co-administered commercially available memantine ER and donepezil, and for bioavailability with regard to food intake. Methods: Two phase I, single-dose, randomized, open-label, crossover studies were conducted in 18- to 45-year-old healthy individuals. In MDX-PK-104 study, fasting participants (N = 38) received co-administered memantine ER and donepezil or the FDC. In MDX-PK-105 study, participants (N = 36) received three treatments: intact FDC taken while fasting or after a high-fat meal, or FDC contents sprinkled on applesauce while fasting. Standard pharmacokinetic parameters for memantine and donepezil were calculated from the plasma concentration time-curve using non-compartmental analyses. Linear mixed-effects models were used to compare: (a) FDC versus co-administered individual drugs; (b) FDC fasted versus with food; and (c) FDC sprinkled on applesauce versus FDC intact, both fasted. Safety parameters were also evaluated. Results: The FDC capsule was bioequivalent to co-administered memantine ER and donepezil. There was no significant food effect on the bioavailability of the FDC components. There were no clinically relevant differences in time to maximum plasma concentration or safety profiles across treatments. Conclusions: An FDC capsule containing 28 mg memantine ER and 10 mg donepezil is bioequivalent to commercially available memantine ER and donepezil, and bioavailability is not affected by food intake or sprinkling of capsule contents on applesauce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Drug Investigation
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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