A novel mutation in the invariant AG of the acceptor splice site of intron 4 of the β-Hexosaminidase α-subunit gene in two unrelated American black G(M2)-gangliosidosis (Tay-Sachs disease) patients

E. H. Mules, C. E. Dowling, M. B. Petersen, H. H. Kazazian, G. H. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Samples of genomic DNA from three unrelated American black infants having both biochemical and clinical features of classical infantile Tay-Sachs disease were sequenced following PCR amplification. A G → T transversion was observed in the AG acceptor splice site preceding exon 5 of the β-hexosaminidase α-subunit gene in the first black family. This transversion changed the acceptor splice site from the consensus sequence, AG, to AT, thereby interfering with splicing at this intron 4/exon 5 junction. The proband was homozygous for this mutation; his mother and a brother are heterozygous. The same mutation was found in a second, apparently unrelated, black G(M2)-gangliosidosis patient. The second patient was a compound heterozygote, as only one allele carried this mutation. The mother and a brother in this second family are carriers for this mutation, while the father and a noncarrier sister are normal for this region of the gene. The third proband did not have this mutation; nor did the mother of a fourth black proband. Eight other independently ascertained non-black, non-Jewish, G(M2)-gangliosidosis families did not have this mutation. The observation of the same novel mutation in two unrelated black G(M2)-gangliosidosis patients indicates that the American black population has segregating within it at least one G(M2)-gangliosidosis mutation which may be specific to this population and not a result of migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1181-1185
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of human genetics
Volume48
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 28 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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