A novel method for epileptic seizure detection using coupled hidden markov models

Jeff Craley, Emily Johnson, Archana Venkataraman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose a novel Coupled Hidden Markov Model to detect epileptic seizures in multichannel electroencephalography (EEG) data. Our model defines a network of seizure propagation paths to capture both the temporal and spatial evolution of epileptic activity. To address the intractability introduced by the coupled interactions, we derive a variational inference procedure to efficiently infer the seizure evolution from spectral patterns in the EEG data. We validate our model on EEG aquired under clinical conditions in the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Using 5-fold cross validation, we demonstrate that our model outperforms three baseline approaches which rely on a classical detection framework. Our model also demonstrates the potential to localize seizure onset zones in focal epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings
EditorsAlejandro F. Frangi, Christos Davatzikos, Gabor Fichtinger, Carlos Alberola-López, Julia A. Schnabel
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages482-489
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783030009304
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Event21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018 - Granada, Spain
Duration: Sep 16 2018Sep 20 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11072 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018
CountrySpain
CityGranada
Period9/16/189/20/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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