A Novel Means of Assessing Institutional Adherence to Blood Transfusion Guidelines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Risk-adjusted institutional transfusion rates are not currently available on a national level. A surrogate means of benchmarking transfusion practices to use for internal quality improvement was studied. Blood utilization was prospectively studied among all colorectal surgery patients at the study institution (July 2010-November 2012), and these data were benchmarked with transfusion data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database by hospital type and size. Using NSQIP, the study institution’s colorectal surgery transfusion rate was 16.3% (150/920 cases), which was slightly higher than the 14.3% national mean transfusion rate (12 191/85 507 cases; P =.08). When broken down by hospital type and size, the study hospital had a similar rate of blood transfusion compared with academic hospitals (P =.35) but a significantly higher rate than community hospitals, regardless of patient volume (P =.03). Benchmarking blood utilization compared with similar-type hospitals using NSQIP may be a surrogate method to assess adherence to evidence-based transfusion guidelines and identify areas for structured quality improvement initiatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-590
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Quality
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Fingerprint

Guideline Adherence
Quality Improvement
Blood Transfusion
Guidelines
Health Facility Size
Benchmarking
Colorectal Surgery
Community Hospital
Databases

Keywords

  • benchmarking
  • NSQIP
  • quality improvement
  • transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

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title = "A Novel Means of Assessing Institutional Adherence to Blood Transfusion Guidelines",
abstract = "Risk-adjusted institutional transfusion rates are not currently available on a national level. A surrogate means of benchmarking transfusion practices to use for internal quality improvement was studied. Blood utilization was prospectively studied among all colorectal surgery patients at the study institution (July 2010-November 2012), and these data were benchmarked with transfusion data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database by hospital type and size. Using NSQIP, the study institution’s colorectal surgery transfusion rate was 16.3{\%} (150/920 cases), which was slightly higher than the 14.3{\%} national mean transfusion rate (12 191/85 507 cases; P =.08). When broken down by hospital type and size, the study hospital had a similar rate of blood transfusion compared with academic hospitals (P =.35) but a significantly higher rate than community hospitals, regardless of patient volume (P =.03). Benchmarking blood utilization compared with similar-type hospitals using NSQIP may be a surrogate method to assess adherence to evidence-based transfusion guidelines and identify areas for structured quality improvement initiatives.",
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