A novel low dose fractionation regimen for adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy in early stage endometrioid endometrial cancer

Kanokpis Townamchai, Larissa Lee, Akila N. Viswanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate local control, survival and toxicity in patients with early-stage endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus treated with adjuvant high-dose-rate (HDR) vaginal brachytherapy (VB) alone using a novel low dose regimen. Methods: We reviewed records of 414 patients with stage IA to stage II endometrial adenocarcinoma treated with VB alone from 2005 to 2011. Of these, 157 patients with endometrioid histology received 24 Gy in 6 fractions of HDR vaginal cylinder brachytherapy and constitute the study population. Dose was prescribed at the cylinder surface and delivered twice weekly in the post-operative setting. Local control and survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: All 157 patients completed the prescribed course of VB. Median follow-up time was 22.8 months (range, 1.5-76.5). Two patients developed vaginal recurrence, one in the periurethral region below the field and one in the fornix after treatment with a 2.5-cm cylinder. Three patients developed regional recurrence in the para-aortic region. Two patients developed distant metastasis (lung and carcinomatosis). The 2-year rate of vaginal control was 98.6%, locoregional control was 97.9% and disease-free survival was 96.8%. The 2-year overall survival rate was 98.7%. No Grade 2 or higher vaginal, gastrointestinal, genitourinary or skin long-term toxicity was reported for any patient. Conclusion: Vaginal brachytherapy alone in early-stage endometrial cancer provides excellent results in terms of locoregional control and disease-free survival. The fractionation scheme of 24 Gy in 6 fractions prescribed to the cylinder surface was well-tolerated with minimal late toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-355
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • High-dose-rate
  • Vaginal brachytherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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