A novel intronic mutation in SHOX causes short stature by disrupting a splice acceptor site: Direct demonstration of aberrant splicing by expression of a minigene in HEK-293T cells

Jennifer Danzig, Michael A. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

SHOX, the short stature homeobox-containing gene, encodes a critical regulatory protein controlling long bone growth. We examined patients in one family, identified an intronic mutation, and expressed SHOX minigenes in HEK293T cells to characterize the effect on gene splicing. We identified a novel mutation at position - 3 (c.-432-3C > A;g.6120C > A) of the intron 1 splice acceptor site; three short (height Z-score - 2.4 to - 1.7) children were heterozygous and the father (height Z-score - 3.4) was homozygous. A wild-type minigene produced alternative transcripts; one utilized the normal splice site between intron 1 and exon 2, the other a cryptic splice site in exon 2. Mutant SHOX minigene generated only the smaller transcript. The exon 2 acceptor splice site is weak; an alternative transcript is normally produced using a downstream cryptic splice site. The c.-432-3C > A mutation causes further weakening, and the cryptic splice site is preferentially utilized, resulting in SHOX deficiency and short stature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)889-895
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume25
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

RNA Splice Sites
HEK293 Cells
Mutation
Exons
Introns
Homeobox Genes
Bone Development
Fathers
Genes
Proteins

Keywords

  • Short stature
  • SHOX
  • Splice site mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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abstract = "SHOX, the short stature homeobox-containing gene, encodes a critical regulatory protein controlling long bone growth. We examined patients in one family, identified an intronic mutation, and expressed SHOX minigenes in HEK293T cells to characterize the effect on gene splicing. We identified a novel mutation at position - 3 (c.-432-3C > A;g.6120C > A) of the intron 1 splice acceptor site; three short (height Z-score - 2.4 to - 1.7) children were heterozygous and the father (height Z-score - 3.4) was homozygous. A wild-type minigene produced alternative transcripts; one utilized the normal splice site between intron 1 and exon 2, the other a cryptic splice site in exon 2. Mutant SHOX minigene generated only the smaller transcript. The exon 2 acceptor splice site is weak; an alternative transcript is normally produced using a downstream cryptic splice site. The c.-432-3C > A mutation causes further weakening, and the cryptic splice site is preferentially utilized, resulting in SHOX deficiency and short stature.",
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AU - Levine, Michael A.

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N2 - SHOX, the short stature homeobox-containing gene, encodes a critical regulatory protein controlling long bone growth. We examined patients in one family, identified an intronic mutation, and expressed SHOX minigenes in HEK293T cells to characterize the effect on gene splicing. We identified a novel mutation at position - 3 (c.-432-3C > A;g.6120C > A) of the intron 1 splice acceptor site; three short (height Z-score - 2.4 to - 1.7) children were heterozygous and the father (height Z-score - 3.4) was homozygous. A wild-type minigene produced alternative transcripts; one utilized the normal splice site between intron 1 and exon 2, the other a cryptic splice site in exon 2. Mutant SHOX minigene generated only the smaller transcript. The exon 2 acceptor splice site is weak; an alternative transcript is normally produced using a downstream cryptic splice site. The c.-432-3C > A mutation causes further weakening, and the cryptic splice site is preferentially utilized, resulting in SHOX deficiency and short stature.

AB - SHOX, the short stature homeobox-containing gene, encodes a critical regulatory protein controlling long bone growth. We examined patients in one family, identified an intronic mutation, and expressed SHOX minigenes in HEK293T cells to characterize the effect on gene splicing. We identified a novel mutation at position - 3 (c.-432-3C > A;g.6120C > A) of the intron 1 splice acceptor site; three short (height Z-score - 2.4 to - 1.7) children were heterozygous and the father (height Z-score - 3.4) was homozygous. A wild-type minigene produced alternative transcripts; one utilized the normal splice site between intron 1 and exon 2, the other a cryptic splice site in exon 2. Mutant SHOX minigene generated only the smaller transcript. The exon 2 acceptor splice site is weak; an alternative transcript is normally produced using a downstream cryptic splice site. The c.-432-3C > A mutation causes further weakening, and the cryptic splice site is preferentially utilized, resulting in SHOX deficiency and short stature.

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