A novel bystander effect involving tumor cell-derived Fas and FasL interactions following Ad.HSV-tk and Ad.mIL-12 gene therapies in experimental prostate cancer

S. J. Hall, S. E. Canfield, Y. Yan, W. Hassen, W. A. Selleck, S. H. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To enhance the NK population induced by Herpes Simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene transduction and ganciclovir (GCV) treatment, adenovirus-mediated (Ad) expression of IL-12 was added to Ad.HSV-tk + GCV as combination gene therapy. This approach resulted in improved local and systemic growth suppression in a metastatic model of mouse prostate cancer (RM-1). In vitro assay of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes noted superior lysis of both RM-1 and Yac-1 targets with combination therapy, but in vivo depletion of NK cells only negatively impacted on systemic growth inhibition. TUNEL assay of primary tumors noted induction of apoptosis between two and four times higher than controls lasting for 6-8 days post-vector injection. After demonstrating that Ad.HSV-tk/GCV and Ad.mIL-12-induced IFN-γ independently up-regulated expression of FasL and Fas, respectively, studies examined tumor cell-mediated death through Fas/FasL-induced apoptosis as a mechanism of primary tumor growth suppression. In vitro, combination therapy at low vector doses resulted in synergistic growth suppression, which could be negated by the addition of anti-FasL antibody. In vivo co-inoculation of an adenovirus expressing soluble Fas resulted in combination therapy-treated tumors, which were three times larger than expected, and a reduction in apoptosis to baseline levels. In FasL knockout mice, combination therapy maintained the superior results experienced in wild-type mice, indicating that tumor cell, not host cell FasL, was responsible for Fas transactivation. Therefore, the combination of Ad.HSV-tk/GCV + Ad.mIL-12 results in enhanced local growth control via apoptosis due to tumor cell expression of Fas and FasL and improved anti-metastatic activity secondary to a strong NK response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-517
Number of pages7
JournalGene Therapy
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fas
  • FasL
  • Gene therapy
  • HSV-tk
  • IL-12
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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