A novel and simple mixture as point-of-use water treatment agent to produce safe drinking water

M. S. Islam, M. Ansaruzzaman, Z. H. Mahmud, M. A. Matin, M. S. Islam, A. K. Mallik, S. B. Neogi, I. K. Jahid, H. P. Endtz, A. Cravioto, David Allen Sack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: People in rural Bangladesh have a poor understanding of the link between use of contaminated surface water and disease. An inexpensive point-of-use water treatment agent was developed to purify surface water. Methods: Surface water was collected from various sources in Bangladesh from February 2007 to January 2008. Microbiological and physicochemical parameters of raw and treated surface water were analysed. Water was treated with a mixture of alum potash, bleaching powder and lime, or with each agent individually. Results: Raw water was contaminated with bacteria, the counts for total coliforms, faecal coliforms and faecal streptococci being 26 431, 14 548 and 240 colony-forming units (cfu) 100 ml-1, respectively. These counts fell to 0 cfu 100 ml-1 after treatment with the mixture. The count of artificially introduced Vibrio cholerae was also reduced to 0 cfu 100 ml-1 after treatment. Treatment of raw water altered the pH from 6.90 to 6.87, turbidity from 21.61 to 3.55 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU), residual chlorine from 0 to 0.09 mg litre-1, conductivity from 124.03 to 229.96 μS cm-1, and total dissolved solids from 59.40 to 199.25 mg litre-1. All these results of treatment were within the range recommended by the WHO as acceptable for drinking water. Conclusion: The mixture of alum potash, bleaching powder and lime described can be safely used to disinfect contaminated surface water to make it suitable for drinking and other household purposes in Bangladesh.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbertru028
Pages (from-to)290-296
Number of pages7
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Water Purification
Drinking Water
Water
Bangladesh
Stem Cells
Powders
Vibrio cholerae
Chlorine
Streptococcus
Drinking
Bacteria

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Disinfectant
  • Point-of-use
  • Purification
  • Surface water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A novel and simple mixture as point-of-use water treatment agent to produce safe drinking water. / Islam, M. S.; Ansaruzzaman, M.; Mahmud, Z. H.; Matin, M. A.; Islam, M. S.; Mallik, A. K.; Neogi, S. B.; Jahid, I. K.; Endtz, H. P.; Cravioto, A.; Sack, David Allen.

In: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 108, No. 5, tru028, 2014, p. 290-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Islam, MS, Ansaruzzaman, M, Mahmud, ZH, Matin, MA, Islam, MS, Mallik, AK, Neogi, SB, Jahid, IK, Endtz, HP, Cravioto, A & Sack, DA 2014, 'A novel and simple mixture as point-of-use water treatment agent to produce safe drinking water', Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 108, no. 5, tru028, pp. 290-296. https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/tru028
Islam, M. S. ; Ansaruzzaman, M. ; Mahmud, Z. H. ; Matin, M. A. ; Islam, M. S. ; Mallik, A. K. ; Neogi, S. B. ; Jahid, I. K. ; Endtz, H. P. ; Cravioto, A. ; Sack, David Allen. / A novel and simple mixture as point-of-use water treatment agent to produce safe drinking water. In: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2014 ; Vol. 108, No. 5. pp. 290-296.
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AU - Mahmud, Z. H.

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AU - Islam, M. S.

AU - Mallik, A. K.

AU - Neogi, S. B.

AU - Jahid, I. K.

AU - Endtz, H. P.

AU - Cravioto, A.

AU - Sack, David Allen

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AB - Background: People in rural Bangladesh have a poor understanding of the link between use of contaminated surface water and disease. An inexpensive point-of-use water treatment agent was developed to purify surface water. Methods: Surface water was collected from various sources in Bangladesh from February 2007 to January 2008. Microbiological and physicochemical parameters of raw and treated surface water were analysed. Water was treated with a mixture of alum potash, bleaching powder and lime, or with each agent individually. Results: Raw water was contaminated with bacteria, the counts for total coliforms, faecal coliforms and faecal streptococci being 26 431, 14 548 and 240 colony-forming units (cfu) 100 ml-1, respectively. These counts fell to 0 cfu 100 ml-1 after treatment with the mixture. The count of artificially introduced Vibrio cholerae was also reduced to 0 cfu 100 ml-1 after treatment. Treatment of raw water altered the pH from 6.90 to 6.87, turbidity from 21.61 to 3.55 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU), residual chlorine from 0 to 0.09 mg litre-1, conductivity from 124.03 to 229.96 μS cm-1, and total dissolved solids from 59.40 to 199.25 mg litre-1. All these results of treatment were within the range recommended by the WHO as acceptable for drinking water. Conclusion: The mixture of alum potash, bleaching powder and lime described can be safely used to disinfect contaminated surface water to make it suitable for drinking and other household purposes in Bangladesh.

KW - Bangladesh

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KW - Purification

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