A new type of motor: Pneumatic step motor

Dan Stoianovici, Alexandru Patriciu, Doru Petrisor, Dumitru Mazilu, Louis Kavoussi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a new type of pneumatic motor, a pneumatic step motor (PneuStep). Directional rotary motion of discrete displacement is achieved by sequentially pressurizing the three ports of the motor. Pulsed pressure waves are generated by a remote pneumatic distributor. The motor assembly includes a motor, gearhead, and incremental position encoder in a compact, central bore construction. A special electronic driver is used to control the new motor with electric stepper indexers and standard motion control cards. The motor accepts open-loop step operation as well as closed-loop control with position feedback from the enclosed sensor. A special control feature is implemented to adapt classic control algorithms to the new motor, and is experimentally validated. The speed performance of the motor degrades with the length of the pneumatic hoses between the distributor and motor. Experimental results are presented to reveal this behavior and set the expectation level. Nevertheless, the stepper achieves easily controllable precise motion unlike other pneumatic motors. The motor was designed to be compatible with magnetic resonance medical imaging equipment, for actuating an image-guided intervention robot, for medical applications. For this reason, the motors were entirely made of nonmagnetic and dielectric materials such as plastics, ceramics, and rubbers. Encoding was performed with fiber optics, so that the motors are electricity free, exclusively using pressure and light. PneuStep is readily applicable to other pneumatic or hydraulic precision-motion applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Image-guided intervention
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatibility
  • Medical robotics
  • Pneumatic hydraulic motor
  • Step motor
  • Stepper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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