A new pictorial instrument for child and adolescent psychiatry: A pilot study

Monique Ernst, Katherine A. Godfrey, Raul R. Silva, Enrique R. Pouget, Joan Welkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A pictorial instrument was developed to assess psychopathology in children aged 6 to 16 years. Symptom pictures (n = 137) representing DSM-III-R criteria were organized into seven diagnostic subscales. Clarity of the pictures was assessed in 31 normal children. Fifty-one psychiatric inpatient children completed the instrument using a 6-point visual analogue scale. Sensitivity to change was assessed in 15 children. The subscales' internal consistencies (Cronbach's α) ranged from 0.54 to 0.86. A canonical discriminant analysis among four diagnostic groups achieved a Wilks' λ of 0.67 (p = 0.02). This instrument may be a valuable adjunct to psychiatric interviews in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-104
Number of pages18
JournalPsychiatry research
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • childhood psychosis
  • conduct disorder
  • depression
  • visual analogue scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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