A neural crest deficit in Down syndrome mice is associated with deficient mitotic response to Sonic hedgehog

Randall J. Roper, Justin F. VanHorn, Colyn C. Cain, Roger H. Reeves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trisomy 21 results in phenotypes collectively referred to as Down syndrome (DS) including characteristic facial dysmorphology. Ts65Dn mice are trisomic for orthologs of about half of the genes found on human chromosome 21 and exhibit DS-like craniofacial abnormalities, including a small dysmorphic mandible. Quantitative analysis of neural crest (NC) progenitors of the mandible revealed a paucity of NC and a smaller first pharyngeal arch (PA1) in Ts65Dn as compared to euploid embryos. Similar effects in PA2 suggest that trisomy causes a neurocristopathy in Ts65Dn mice (and by extension, DS). Further analyses demonstrated deficits in delamination, migration, and mitosis of trisomic NC. Addition of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) growth factor to trisomic cells from PA1 increased cell number to the same level as untreated control cells. Combined with previous demonstrations of a deficit in mitogenic response to Shh by trisomic cerebellar granule cell precursors, these results implicate common cellular and molecular bases of multiple DS phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalMechanisms of Development
Volume126
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Down syndrome
  • Mandibular development
  • Neural crest
  • Sonic hedgehog
  • Trisomy 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology

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