Background. Investigation of observed differences in outcomes among medical centers is of major interest to the medical community and the public and has a substantial impact on efforts to improve the quality of medical care. Methods. This study analyzed data from consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting at 14 medical centers. Data included demographic and clinical information, comorbidity, cardiac catheterization results, and 30-day postoperative vitality status. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables associated with mortality. An outlier hospital was defined as one having an observed mortality outside the 95% confidence interval boundaries around the expected mortality rate calculated, given the patient risk factors. Results. The overall crude 30- day mortality rate for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting among the 4,835 patients in this study was 3.1%. The rate varied among centers, ranging from 0.85% to 7.05%. Predictors of 30-day mortality included advanced age, female sex, diabetes mellitus, poor left ventricular function, high creatinine level, high priority of operation, and three-vessel disease (with or without left main coronary artery disease). After adjustment for risk factors, two hospitals were defined as outliers. Conclusions. The observed disparity in early mortality among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting is not due solely to differences in case mix.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine