A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals

Patrick S. Romano, Jeffrey J. Geppert, Sheryl Davies, Marlene R. Miller, Anne Elixhauser, Kathryn M. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Measures based on routinely collected data would be useful to examine the epidemiology of patient safety. Extending previous work, we established the face and consensual validity of twenty Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs). We generated a national profile of patient safety by applying these PSIs to the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample. The incidence of most nonobstetric PSIs increased with age and was higher among African Americans than among whites. The adjusted incidence of most PSIs was highest at urban teaching hospitals. The PSIs may be used in AHRQ's National Quality Report, while providers may use them to screen for preventable complications, target opportunities for improvement, and benchmark performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-166
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Affairs
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

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Patient Safety
incidence
epidemiology
Benchmarking
Urban Hospitals
Incidence
Reproducibility of Results
Teaching Hospitals
African Americans
Inpatients
Epidemiology
Teaching
performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Romano, P. S., Geppert, J. J., Davies, S., Miller, M. R., Elixhauser, A., & McDonald, K. M. (2003). A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals. Health Affairs, 22(2), 154-166. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.22.2.154

A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals. / Romano, Patrick S.; Geppert, Jeffrey J.; Davies, Sheryl; Miller, Marlene R.; Elixhauser, Anne; McDonald, Kathryn M.

In: Health Affairs, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2003, p. 154-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Romano, PS, Geppert, JJ, Davies, S, Miller, MR, Elixhauser, A & McDonald, KM 2003, 'A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals', Health Affairs, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 154-166. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.22.2.154
Romano PS, Geppert JJ, Davies S, Miller MR, Elixhauser A, McDonald KM. A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals. Health Affairs. 2003;22(2):154-166. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.22.2.154
Romano, Patrick S. ; Geppert, Jeffrey J. ; Davies, Sheryl ; Miller, Marlene R. ; Elixhauser, Anne ; McDonald, Kathryn M. / A national profile of patient safety in U.S. hospitals. In: Health Affairs. 2003 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 154-166.
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