In murine erythroleukemia cells, the minor/major hemoglobin (Hb) ratio depends on the cell line and the inducing agent. To determine whether mouse minor hemoglobin is a 'fetal' hemoglobin in vivo, globin chain composition and synthesis rates were determined in DBA/2 mice of various ages ranging from 14-day embryos to >6-mo adults. Globin chains were separated by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels containing urea and Triton X-100. This method separates the embryonic (x,y,z) and the adult (α,βma,βmi) globin chains. Fourteen day embryos had only 5%-10% adult globins, but ~30% of the adult β chains were βmi. The % βmi decreased with age and reached 20% in adult mice. Biosynthetic studies led to more pronounced differences: βmi synthesis was 45% of total β chain production in 14-day embryos and declined to 22% in adults. Thus β minor/total β globin synthesis declines during mouse ontogeny. This resembles qualitatively the human switch from fetal to adult hemoglobin and provides a murine model for studies of hemoglobin regulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 1980|
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