A multilevel perspective on the climate of bullying: Discrepancies among students, school staff, and parents

Tracy Evian Waasdorp, Elise T. Pas, Lindsey M. O'Brennan, Catherine P. Bradshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although many bullying prevention programs aim to involve multiple partners, few studies have examined perceptual differences regarding peer victimization and the broader bullying climate among students, staff, and parents. The present study utilized multilevel data from 11,674 students, 960 parents, and 1,027 staff at 44 schools to examine the association between school-level indicators of disorder, norms regarding bullying and bullies, and students, parents, and staff perceptions of safety, belonging, and witnessing bullying. Results revealed several important discrepancies between adults and youth with regard to their perceptions Moreover, results highlight the significance of normative beliefs about bullies, retaliation, and the influence of school contextual factors on students' risk for exposure to bullying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-132
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of School Violence
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Discrepancies
  • Indirect aggression
  • Multilevel modeling
  • School climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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