Purpose: To evaluate single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (SV-MRS) and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) metabolite results in individuals with HIV dementia. Materials and Methods: Twenty HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals underwent SV-MRS (TE 35 msec) and MRSI (TE 280 msec). Results were stratified according to serostatus, dementia severity, psychomotor speed performance, and functional impairment. Results: HIV+ individuals with psychomotor slowing had an increased myoinositol/creatine (mI/Cr) ratio (0.63 vs. 0.45) in the frontal white matter using SV-MRS and an increased choline (Cho)/Cr ratio (1.88 vs. 1.41) in the mesial frontal gray matter using MRSI compared to HIV+ individuals without psychomotor slowing. Using MRSI, subjects with HIV dementia also had a decreased N-acetyl aspartate (NAA)/Cho ratio (1.55 vs. 2.53) compared to HIV+ individuals without cognitive impairment in the mesial frontal gray matter. Both techniques detected metabolite ratio abnormalities associated with abnormal functional performance. Conclusion: SV-MRS and MRSI offer complementary roles in evaluating individuals with HIV dementia. Short TE SV-MRS measures ml, which may be elevated in early HIV dementia, whereas MRSI provides wider spatial coverage to examine specific regional changes.
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging