A multi-body computational study of the kinematic and injury response of a pedestrian with variable stance upon impact with a vehicle

Mark Meissner, Lex Van Rooij, Kavi Bhalla, Jeff Crandall, Douglas Longhitano, Yukou Takahashi, Yasuhiro Dokko, Yuji Kikuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This research investigates the variation of pedestrian stance in pedestrian-automobile impact using a validated multi-body vehicle and human model. Detailed vehicle models of a small family car and a sport utility vehicle (SUV) are developed and validated for impact with a 50th percentile human male anthropometric ellipsoid model, and different pedestrian stances (struck limb forward, feet together, and struck limb backward) are investigated. The models calculate the physical trajectory of the multi-body models including head and torso accelerations, as well as pelvic force loads. This study shows that lower limb orientation during a pedestrian-automobile impact plays a dominant role in upper body kinematics of the pedestrian. Specifically, stance has a substantial effect on the subsequent impacts of the head and thorax with the vehicle. The variation in stance can change the severity of an injury incurred during an impact by changing the impact region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAE Technical Papers
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
Event2004 SAE World Congress - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Mar 8 2004Mar 11 2004

Other

Other2004 SAE World Congress
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period3/8/043/11/04

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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