A model to study c-myc and v-H-ras induced prostate cancer progression in the Copenhagen rat.

J. E. Lehr, K. J. Pienta, K. Yamazaki, M. J. Pilat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Normal rat prostate epithelial cells (EPYP-1) were isolated and immortalized with the Simian Virus-40 (SV40) large T-antigen, and transfected with the v-H-ras (EPYP-1-ras) and the c-myc oncogenes (EPYP-1-myc; EPYP-1-ras-myc) to serially create a step-wise model of tumor development in the rat prostate. Pronounced morphological differences were observed between EPYP-1 and the transfected sublines. The immortal epithelial cells (EPYP-1) maintained a cuboidal shape with orderly, contact mediated inhibition of growth. Oncogene transfected clones displayed a spindle shaped structure with multiple overlapping pseudopodia. Transfected cells also exhibited a greater degree of dysplasia, loss of contact inhibition growth and the upregulation of an epithelial tumor marker, cytokeratin-18. All cells exhibited anchorage independent and androgen independent growth. In vivo, EPYP-1 cells and EPYP-1-myc and formed slowly growing non-metastatic, benign tumors in immune compromised mice, while EPYP-1-ras and EPYP-1-ras-myc transfected cells produced rapidly growing, malignant tumors in similar animals. This model augments the hypothesis that tumor initiation and progression can be caused by as few as two discrete genetic events. In addition, the "normal" rat prostate epithelium and transfected daughter cell lines represent a tumor model system with distinct, well understood genetic alterations: activation of ras and myc. This model will be a valuable addition to the current cell lines used in the investigation of prostate cancer carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-959
Number of pages11
JournalCellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
Volume44
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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