The relationship between the apparently random chromosomal changes found in aneuploidy and the genetic instability driving the progression of cancer is not clear. We report a test of the hypothesis that aneuploid chromosomal abnormalities might be selected to preserve cell-survival genes during loss of heterozygosity (LOH) formations which eliminate tumor suppressor genes. The LOHs and structurally abnormal chromosomes present in the aneuploid LoVo (colon), A549 (lung), SUIT-2 (pancreas), and LN-18 (glioma) cancer cell lines were identified by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and Spectral Karyotyping (SKY). The Mann-Whitney U and chi square tests were used to evaluate possible differences in chromosome numbers and abnormalities between the cell lines, with two-tailed P values of <0.01 being considered significant. The cell lines differed significantly in chromosome numbers and frequency of structurally abnormal chromosomes. The SNP analysis revealed that each cell line contained at least a haploid set of somatic chromosomes, consistent with our hypothesis that cell-survival genes are widely scattered throughout the genome. Further, over 90% of the chromosomal abnormalities seemed to be selected, often after LOH formation, for gene-dosage compensation or to provide heterozygosity for specific chromosomal regions. These results suggest that the chromosomal changes of aneuploidy are not random, but may be selected to provide gene-dosage compensation and/or retain functional alleles of cell-survival genes during LOH formation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology