OBJECTIVE - To describe clustering of hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperuricemia and its association with fasting insulin, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and BMI for African-American and white men and women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Observed frequencies of clusters were compared with those expected in 14,481 participants, 45-64 years of age, of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) baseline survey, 1987- 1989. Associations of clusters with insulin, central adiposity, and overall obesity, as well as with individual abnormalities, were analyzed through multiple logistic regression. RESULTS - Clustering beyond chance was observed in all four sex/ethnic groups (P < 0.001), with 7% of the sample presenting 30% of the abnormalities in large clusters (≥3 abnormalities per individual). The odds ratio (OR) for the association of each abnormality with clustering of the remaining four ranged from 1.6 to 8.8 (P < 0.01). These odds of clustering were notably large in white women. Of the abnormalities, hypertriglyceridemia demonstrated the highest OR (5.0-8.8) and diabetes had a lower OR in African- American subjects than in white subjects (P < 0.001). Insulin, WHR, and BMI were statistically associated with clustering in all groups (P < 0.001, except for BMI in African-Americans). CONCLUSIONS - Clustering of abnormalities consistent with the concept of a metabolic syndrome is present in both white and African- American subjects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing