A Manifold Regularized Multi-Task Learning Model for IQ Prediction from Two fMRI Paradigms

Li Xiao, Julia M. Stephen, Tony W. Wilson, Vince D. Calhoun, Yu Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Multi-modal brain functional connectivity (FC) data have shown great potential for providing insights into individual variations in behavioral and cognitive traits. The joint learning of multi-modal data can utilize intrinsic association, and thus can boost learning performance. Although several multi-task based learning models have already been proposed by viewing feature learning on each modality as one task, most of them ignore the structural information inherent across the modalities, which may play an important role in extracting discriminative features. Methods: In this paper, we propose a new manifold regularized multi-task learning model by simultaneously considering between-subject and between-modality relationships. Specifically, the l{2,1}-norm (i.e., group-sparsity) regularizer is enforced to jointly select a few common features across different modalities. A novelly designed manifold regularizer is further imposed as a crucial underpinning to preserve the structural information both within and between modalities. Such designed regularizers will make our model more adaptive to realistic neuroimaging data, which are usually of small sample size but high dimensional features. Results: Our model is validated on the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort dataset, where our modalities are regarded as two types of functional MRI (fMRI) data collected under two paradigms. We conduct experimental studies on fMRI-based FC network data in two task conditions for intelligence quotient (IQ) prediction. The results show that our proposed model can not only achieve improved prediction performance, but also yield a set of IQ-relevant biomarkers. Conclusion and Significance: This paper develops a new multi-task learning model, enabling the discovery of significant biomarkers that may account for a proportion of the variance in human intelligence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8731721
Pages (from-to)796-806
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

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Keywords

  • Functional connectivity
  • functional MRI
  • geometry
  • intelligence
  • multi-modal
  • multi-task learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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