A man out of place: Herbert Spencer Jennings at Johns Hopkins, 1906 - 1938

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Herbert Spencer Jennings (1868-1947) succeeded W. K. Brooks as Director of the Zoological Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1910. His scientific work in the next two decades included experimental genetics of protozoa and mathematical analysis of the linear arrangement of chromosomes. At the same time, Jennings was involved in philosophical discussions of the nature of biological thought. His point of view expressed the biologist's awareness of diversity and historical process, against both the excesses of vitalism and of the modern reductionist methods of physico-chemical biology. These philosophical discussions are seen against the background of his difficulty in building up the zoological laboratory at Johns Hopkins in the 1920s, when the university tried unsuccessfully to return to the ideal of pure research which had guided it under its first president. Moreover, Jennings faced strong competition for resources from within the university itself, especially at the medical school. His position illustrates the predicament of the modern general biologist in an environment increasinglydominated by the medical sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-817
Number of pages11
JournalIntegrative and Comparative Biology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

Fingerprint

biologists
Vitalism
Protozoa
medical sciences
university
Chromosomes
protozoa
Mathematical Analysis
Medical Schools
medical science
Chromosome
Biology
Excess
biology
director
Arrangement
president
applications of mathematics
chromosomes
Biological Sciences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Plant Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

A man out of place : Herbert Spencer Jennings at Johns Hopkins, 1906 - 1938. / Kingsland, Sharon E.

In: Integrative and Comparative Biology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1987, p. 807-817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{79ba730111744e4b9957175561a87196,
title = "A man out of place: Herbert Spencer Jennings at Johns Hopkins, 1906 - 1938",
abstract = "Herbert Spencer Jennings (1868-1947) succeeded W. K. Brooks as Director of the Zoological Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1910. His scientific work in the next two decades included experimental genetics of protozoa and mathematical analysis of the linear arrangement of chromosomes. At the same time, Jennings was involved in philosophical discussions of the nature of biological thought. His point of view expressed the biologist's awareness of diversity and historical process, against both the excesses of vitalism and of the modern reductionist methods of physico-chemical biology. These philosophical discussions are seen against the background of his difficulty in building up the zoological laboratory at Johns Hopkins in the 1920s, when the university tried unsuccessfully to return to the ideal of pure research which had guided it under its first president. Moreover, Jennings faced strong competition for resources from within the university itself, especially at the medical school. His position illustrates the predicament of the modern general biologist in an environment increasinglydominated by the medical sciences.",
author = "Kingsland, {Sharon E}",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1093/icb/27.3.807",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "807--817",
journal = "Integrative and Comparative Biology",
issn = "1540-7063",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A man out of place

T2 - Herbert Spencer Jennings at Johns Hopkins, 1906 - 1938

AU - Kingsland, Sharon E

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Herbert Spencer Jennings (1868-1947) succeeded W. K. Brooks as Director of the Zoological Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1910. His scientific work in the next two decades included experimental genetics of protozoa and mathematical analysis of the linear arrangement of chromosomes. At the same time, Jennings was involved in philosophical discussions of the nature of biological thought. His point of view expressed the biologist's awareness of diversity and historical process, against both the excesses of vitalism and of the modern reductionist methods of physico-chemical biology. These philosophical discussions are seen against the background of his difficulty in building up the zoological laboratory at Johns Hopkins in the 1920s, when the university tried unsuccessfully to return to the ideal of pure research which had guided it under its first president. Moreover, Jennings faced strong competition for resources from within the university itself, especially at the medical school. His position illustrates the predicament of the modern general biologist in an environment increasinglydominated by the medical sciences.

AB - Herbert Spencer Jennings (1868-1947) succeeded W. K. Brooks as Director of the Zoological Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1910. His scientific work in the next two decades included experimental genetics of protozoa and mathematical analysis of the linear arrangement of chromosomes. At the same time, Jennings was involved in philosophical discussions of the nature of biological thought. His point of view expressed the biologist's awareness of diversity and historical process, against both the excesses of vitalism and of the modern reductionist methods of physico-chemical biology. These philosophical discussions are seen against the background of his difficulty in building up the zoological laboratory at Johns Hopkins in the 1920s, when the university tried unsuccessfully to return to the ideal of pure research which had guided it under its first president. Moreover, Jennings faced strong competition for resources from within the university itself, especially at the medical school. His position illustrates the predicament of the modern general biologist in an environment increasinglydominated by the medical sciences.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957218620&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957218620&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/icb/27.3.807

DO - 10.1093/icb/27.3.807

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77957218620

VL - 27

SP - 807

EP - 817

JO - Integrative and Comparative Biology

JF - Integrative and Comparative Biology

SN - 1540-7063

IS - 3

ER -