A major trauma course based on posters, audio-guides and simulation improves the management skills of medical students: Evaluation via medical simulator

Adrien Cuisinier, Clotilde Schilte, Philippe Declety, Julien Picard, Karine Berger, Pierre Bouzat, Dominique Falcon, Jean Luc Bosson, Jean François Payen, Pierre Albaladejo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Medical competence requires the acquisition of theoretical knowledge and technical skills. Severe trauma management teaching is poorly developed during internship. Nevertheless, the basics of major trauma management should be acquired by every future physician. For this reason, the major trauma course (MTC), an educational course in major traumatology, has been developed for medical students. Our objective was to evaluate, via a high fidelity medical simulator, the impact of the MTC on medical student skills concerning major trauma management. Methods The MTC contains 3 teaching modalities: posters with associated audio-guides, a procedural workshop on airway management and a teaching session using a medical simulator. Skills evaluation was performed 1 month before (step 1) and 1 month after (step 3) the MTC (step 2). Nineteen students were individually evaluated on 2 different major trauma scenarios. The primary endpoint was the difference between steps 1 and 3, in a combined score evaluating: admission, equipment, monitoring and safety (skill set 1) and systematic clinical examinations (skill set 2). Results After the course, the combined primary outcome score improved by 47% (P < 0.01). Scenario choice or the order of use had no significant influence on the skill set evaluations. Conclusion This study shows improvement in student skills for major trauma management, which we attribute mainly to the major trauma course developed in our institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-344
Number of pages6
JournalAnaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Audio-guides
  • Medical pedagogy
  • Medical posters
  • Medical simulation
  • Severe trauma
  • Students
  • Training course

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Cuisinier, A., Schilte, C., Declety, P., Picard, J., Berger, K., Bouzat, P., Falcon, D., Bosson, J. L., Payen, J. F., & Albaladejo, P. (2015). A major trauma course based on posters, audio-guides and simulation improves the management skills of medical students: Evaluation via medical simulator. Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, 34(6), 339-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2015.06.009