A low-cost device for bulk sampling of airborne particulate matter: Evaluation of an ionic charging device

Nima Afshar-Mohajer, Wesley H. Godfrey, Ana M. Rule, Elizabeth C. Matsui, Julian Gordon, Kirsten Koehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bulk sampling of aerosols is often needed for the determination of physical properties, chemical composition and toxicity assessments of airborne particulate matter. Conventional aerosol samplers have several limitations for use as bulk aerosol collectors including cost, noise levels, power requirements associated with the use of a pump, limited flow rate, and a relatively long sampling time needed to collect sufficient mass to achieve gravimetric or other method limits of detection. In this study, a low-cost ionic charging device (ICD) was evaluated that addresses many of the drawbacks of conventional aerosol samplers. Different types of particles including incense fume, Arizona Road Dust (ARD) powders and Polystyrene Latex (PSL) spheres of different sizes were aerosolized then sampled using three ICDs and compared to conventional inhalable and PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 100 µm and 2.5 µm, respectively) aerosol samplers in a controlled laboratory chamber at varying concentrations. The device was also evaluated in indoor environments. ICDs operate at almost 18.5 times higher flow rate than conventional personal samplers and provided up to 9 times greater total collected mass compared to the conventional samplers over the same time frame. Using a regression analysis, aerosol-specific linear equations with slopes (CPM2.5/CICD) from 1.21 to 7.10 and R2 from 0.74 to 0.99 for estimating the inhalable and PM2.5 mass concentrations using the ICD were derived. This study suggests that the ICD provides a less accurate estimate of size-selective PM mass concentrations than conventional personal aerosol samplers; however, it collects coarse particles efficiently and increases total sampled mass per time at a lower cost and without noise associated with traditional sampling methods. Therefore, the ICD can be used as a bulk aerosol collector for composition analyses and in-vitro toxicology tests of coarse PM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1352-1362
Number of pages11
JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Bulk aerosol sampling
  • Coarse PM
  • Indoor air
  • Inhalable aerosol sampler
  • PM2.5 aerosol sampler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

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