A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans

Eddie M. Clark, Beverly Rosa Williams, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Cheryl L. Holt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health outcomes. Passive SHLOC was associated with some less desirable health outcomes over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 10 2018



  • African American
  • Health behaviors
  • Locus of control
  • Longitudinal
  • Religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Religious studies

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