A lack of self-consciousness in autism

Motomi Toichi, Yoko Kamio, Takashi Okada, Morimitsu Sakihama, Eric A. Youngstrom, Robert L Findling, Kokichi Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated self-consciousness in autism. Method: An incidental memory task was conducted on 18 adults with high-functioning autism and 18 normal comparison subjects. Three kinds of orienting questions (phonological, semantic, and self-referent, i.e., "Does the word describe you?") were asked about target words (adjectives for personality traits) in order to induce different types of processing. This was followed by an unexpected recognition test. Results: While semantic processing resulted in better memory than phonological processing in both groups, self-referent processingyielded better memory performance than semantic processing in the comparison group but not in the autistic group. Conclusions: The results suggest deficits in self-consciousness in individuals with autism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1422-1424
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume159
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Autistic Disorder
Consciousness
Semantics
Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Toichi, M., Kamio, Y., Okada, T., Sakihama, M., Youngstrom, E. A., Findling, R. L., & Yamamoto, K. (2002). A lack of self-consciousness in autism. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(8), 1422-1424. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1422

A lack of self-consciousness in autism. / Toichi, Motomi; Kamio, Yoko; Okada, Takashi; Sakihama, Morimitsu; Youngstrom, Eric A.; Findling, Robert L; Yamamoto, Kokichi.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 159, No. 8, 2002, p. 1422-1424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toichi, M, Kamio, Y, Okada, T, Sakihama, M, Youngstrom, EA, Findling, RL & Yamamoto, K 2002, 'A lack of self-consciousness in autism', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 8, pp. 1422-1424. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1422
Toichi M, Kamio Y, Okada T, Sakihama M, Youngstrom EA, Findling RL et al. A lack of self-consciousness in autism. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2002;159(8):1422-1424. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1422
Toichi, Motomi ; Kamio, Yoko ; Okada, Takashi ; Sakihama, Morimitsu ; Youngstrom, Eric A. ; Findling, Robert L ; Yamamoto, Kokichi. / A lack of self-consciousness in autism. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 2002 ; Vol. 159, No. 8. pp. 1422-1424.
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