A human factors engineering conceptual framework of nursing workload and patient safety in intensive care units

Pascale Carayon, Ayşe P. Gürses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we review the literature on nursing workload in intensive care units (ICUs) and its impact on patient safety and quality of working life of nurses. We then propose a conceptual framework of ICU nursing workload that defines causes, consequences and outcomes of workload. We identified four levels of nursing workload (ICU/unit level, job level, patient level, and situation level), and discuss measures associated with each of the four levels. A micro-level approach to ICU nursing workload at the situation level is proposed and recommended in order to reduce workload and mitigate its negative impact. Performance obstacles are conceptualized as causes of ICU nursing workload at the situation level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-301
Number of pages18
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intensive care units
  • Nursing workload
  • Patient safety
  • Performance obstacles
  • Quality of working life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care

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