A glycosylphosphatidylinositolanchored carbonic anhydrase-related protein of Toxoplasma gondii is important for rhoptry biogenesis and virulence

Nathan M. Chasen, Beejan Asady, Leandro Lemgruber, Rossiane C. Vommaro, Jessica C. Kissinger, Isabelle Coppens, Silvia N.J. Morenoa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrase-related proteins (CARPs) have previously been described as catalytically inactive proteins closely related to α-carbonic anhydrases (α-CAs). These CARPs are found in animals (both vertebrates and invertebrates) and viruses as either independent proteins or domains of other proteins. We report here the identification of a new CARP (TgCA_RP) in the unicellular organism Toxoplasma gondii that is related to the recently described η-class CA found in Plasmodium falciparum. TgCA_RP is posttranslationally modified at its C terminus with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor that is important for its localization in intracellular tachyzoites. The protein localizes throughout the rhoptry bulbs of mature tachyzoites and to the outer membrane of nascent rhoptries in dividing tachyzoites, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy using specific antibodies. T. gondii mutant tachyzoites lacking TgCA_RP display a growth and invasion phenotype in vitro and have atypical rhoptry morphology. The mutants also exhibit reduced virulence in a mouse model. Our results show that TgCA_RP plays an important role in the biogenesis of rhoptries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00027-17
JournalmSphere
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Carbonic anhydrase
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols
  • Infectivity
  • Organelle structure
  • Rhoptry
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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