A genome-wide view of the de-differentiation of central nervous system endothelial cells in culture

Mark F. Sabbagh, Jeremy Nathans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) derived from the central nervous system (CNS) variably lose their unique barrier properties during in vitro culture, hindering the development of robust assays for blood-brain barrier (BBB) function, including drug permeability and extrusion assays. In previous work (Sabbagh et al., 2018) we characterized transcriptional and accessible chromatin landscapes of acutely isolated mouse CNS ECs. In this report, we compare transcriptional and accessible chromatin landscapes of acutely isolated mouse CNS ECs versus mouse CNS ECs in short-term in vitro culture. We observe that standard culture conditions are associated with a rapid and selective loss of BBB transcripts and chromatin features, as well as a greatly reduced level of beta-catenin signaling. Interestingly, forced expression of a stabilized derivative of beta-catenin, which in vivo leads to a partial conversion of non-BBB CNS ECs to a BBB-like state, has little or no effect on gene expression or chromatin accessibility in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournaleLife
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 8 2020

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Endothelial cells
Neurology
Cell culture
Central Nervous System
Endothelial Cells
Cell Culture Techniques
Genes
Chromatin
Genome
Blood-Brain Barrier
beta Catenin
Assays
Gene expression
Extrusion
Permeability
Brain
Derivatives
Gene Expression
Pharmaceutical Preparations
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • beta-catenin
  • blood-brain barrier
  • cell culture
  • chromatin
  • endothelial
  • genetics
  • genomics
  • mouse
  • neuroscience
  • Wnt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

A genome-wide view of the de-differentiation of central nervous system endothelial cells in culture. / Sabbagh, Mark F.; Nathans, Jeremy.

In: eLife, Vol. 9, 08.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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