A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation

Mardas Daneshian, Mohammad A. Akbarsha, Bas Blaauboer, Francesca Caloni, Pierre Cosson, Rodger Curren, Alan Goldberg, Franz Gruber, Frauke Ohl, Walter Pfaller, Jan Van Der Valk, Pilar Vinardell, Joanne Zurlo, Thomas Hartung, Marcel Leist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Development of improved communication and education strategies is important to make alternatives to the use of animals, and the broad range of applications of the 3Rs concept better known and understood by different audiences. For this purpose, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in Europe (CAAT-Europe) together with the Transatlantic Think Tank for Toxicology (t 4) hosted a three-day workshop on "Teaching Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation". A compilation of the recommendations by a group of international specialists in the field is summarized in this report. Initially, the workshop participants identified the different audience groups to be addressed and also the communication media that may be used. The main outcome of the workshop was a framework for a comprehensive educational program. The modular structure of the teaching program presented here allows adaptation to different audiences with their specific needs; different time schedules can be easily accommodated on this basis. The topics cover the 3Rs principle, basic research, toxicological applications, method development and validation, regulatory aspects, case studies and ethical aspects of 3Rs approaches. This expert consortium agreed to generating teaching materials covering all modules and providing them in an open access online repository.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-352
Number of pages12
JournalAltex
Volume28
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Teaching
Education
Toxicology
Animal Use Alternatives
Animal Testing Alternatives
Communications Media
Teaching Materials
Appointments and Schedules
Research

Keywords

  • 3Rs
  • Education
  • Teaching
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Daneshian, M., Akbarsha, M. A., Blaauboer, B., Caloni, F., Cosson, P., Curren, R., ... Leist, M. (2011). A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation. Altex, 28(4), 341-352.

A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation. / Daneshian, Mardas; Akbarsha, Mohammad A.; Blaauboer, Bas; Caloni, Francesca; Cosson, Pierre; Curren, Rodger; Goldberg, Alan; Gruber, Franz; Ohl, Frauke; Pfaller, Walter; Van Der Valk, Jan; Vinardell, Pilar; Zurlo, Joanne; Hartung, Thomas; Leist, Marcel.

In: Altex, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2011, p. 341-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Daneshian, M, Akbarsha, MA, Blaauboer, B, Caloni, F, Cosson, P, Curren, R, Goldberg, A, Gruber, F, Ohl, F, Pfaller, W, Van Der Valk, J, Vinardell, P, Zurlo, J, Hartung, T & Leist, M 2011, 'A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation', Altex, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 341-352.
Daneshian M, Akbarsha MA, Blaauboer B, Caloni F, Cosson P, Curren R et al. A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation. Altex. 2011;28(4):341-352.
Daneshian, Mardas ; Akbarsha, Mohammad A. ; Blaauboer, Bas ; Caloni, Francesca ; Cosson, Pierre ; Curren, Rodger ; Goldberg, Alan ; Gruber, Franz ; Ohl, Frauke ; Pfaller, Walter ; Van Der Valk, Jan ; Vinardell, Pilar ; Zurlo, Joanne ; Hartung, Thomas ; Leist, Marcel. / A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation. In: Altex. 2011 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 341-352.
@article{c4649262341649a1894661e82f773b51,
title = "A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation",
abstract = "Development of improved communication and education strategies is important to make alternatives to the use of animals, and the broad range of applications of the 3Rs concept better known and understood by different audiences. For this purpose, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in Europe (CAAT-Europe) together with the Transatlantic Think Tank for Toxicology (t 4) hosted a three-day workshop on {"}Teaching Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation{"}. A compilation of the recommendations by a group of international specialists in the field is summarized in this report. Initially, the workshop participants identified the different audience groups to be addressed and also the communication media that may be used. The main outcome of the workshop was a framework for a comprehensive educational program. The modular structure of the teaching program presented here allows adaptation to different audiences with their specific needs; different time schedules can be easily accommodated on this basis. The topics cover the 3Rs principle, basic research, toxicological applications, method development and validation, regulatory aspects, case studies and ethical aspects of 3Rs approaches. This expert consortium agreed to generating teaching materials covering all modules and providing them in an open access online repository.",
keywords = "3Rs, Education, Teaching, Toxicology",
author = "Mardas Daneshian and Akbarsha, {Mohammad A.} and Bas Blaauboer and Francesca Caloni and Pierre Cosson and Rodger Curren and Alan Goldberg and Franz Gruber and Frauke Ohl and Walter Pfaller and {Van Der Valk}, Jan and Pilar Vinardell and Joanne Zurlo and Thomas Hartung and Marcel Leist",
year = "2011",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "341--352",
journal = "ALTEX : Alternativen zu Tierexperimenten",
issn = "1868-596X",
publisher = "Elsevier GmbH",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A framework program for the teaching of alternative methods (replacement, reduction, refinement) to animal experimentation

AU - Daneshian, Mardas

AU - Akbarsha, Mohammad A.

AU - Blaauboer, Bas

AU - Caloni, Francesca

AU - Cosson, Pierre

AU - Curren, Rodger

AU - Goldberg, Alan

AU - Gruber, Franz

AU - Ohl, Frauke

AU - Pfaller, Walter

AU - Van Der Valk, Jan

AU - Vinardell, Pilar

AU - Zurlo, Joanne

AU - Hartung, Thomas

AU - Leist, Marcel

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Development of improved communication and education strategies is important to make alternatives to the use of animals, and the broad range of applications of the 3Rs concept better known and understood by different audiences. For this purpose, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in Europe (CAAT-Europe) together with the Transatlantic Think Tank for Toxicology (t 4) hosted a three-day workshop on "Teaching Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation". A compilation of the recommendations by a group of international specialists in the field is summarized in this report. Initially, the workshop participants identified the different audience groups to be addressed and also the communication media that may be used. The main outcome of the workshop was a framework for a comprehensive educational program. The modular structure of the teaching program presented here allows adaptation to different audiences with their specific needs; different time schedules can be easily accommodated on this basis. The topics cover the 3Rs principle, basic research, toxicological applications, method development and validation, regulatory aspects, case studies and ethical aspects of 3Rs approaches. This expert consortium agreed to generating teaching materials covering all modules and providing them in an open access online repository.

AB - Development of improved communication and education strategies is important to make alternatives to the use of animals, and the broad range of applications of the 3Rs concept better known and understood by different audiences. For this purpose, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in Europe (CAAT-Europe) together with the Transatlantic Think Tank for Toxicology (t 4) hosted a three-day workshop on "Teaching Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation". A compilation of the recommendations by a group of international specialists in the field is summarized in this report. Initially, the workshop participants identified the different audience groups to be addressed and also the communication media that may be used. The main outcome of the workshop was a framework for a comprehensive educational program. The modular structure of the teaching program presented here allows adaptation to different audiences with their specific needs; different time schedules can be easily accommodated on this basis. The topics cover the 3Rs principle, basic research, toxicological applications, method development and validation, regulatory aspects, case studies and ethical aspects of 3Rs approaches. This expert consortium agreed to generating teaching materials covering all modules and providing them in an open access online repository.

KW - 3Rs

KW - Education

KW - Teaching

KW - Toxicology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84455209587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84455209587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 22130484

AN - SCOPUS:84455209587

VL - 28

SP - 341

EP - 352

JO - ALTEX : Alternativen zu Tierexperimenten

JF - ALTEX : Alternativen zu Tierexperimenten

SN - 1868-596X

IS - 4

ER -