ABSTRACT. To label proteins with positron emitters with a half-life in the order of days, a method has been developed to label proteins with zirconium (Zr)-isotopes. Therefore, the bifunctional chelating agent desferal (Df) was coupled to albumins via a thioether bond. Labeling of the premodified proteins was easily performed by addition of these proteins to freeze dried Zr oxalate, This labeling was efficient (>90%) and accomplished in several minutes. The conjugates showed a high in vitro stability. Biodistribution studies were performed with 88Zr-citrate, 88Zr-Df, and 88Zr-labeled mouse serum albumin (88Zr-Df-MSA), modified with different amounts of chelating groups. Whereas Zr-citrate was found to accumulate in bone, Zr-Df was cleared very fast by glomerular filtration. The 88Zr-Df-MSA showed similar blood clearance as did 123I-labeled MSA. The biodistribution pattern of 88Zr-Df-MSA differed only from 123I-MSA in that a higher accumulation of Zr in liver, kidney, and spleen was found. The absence of large amounts of 88Zr in bone indicated that in vivo the conjugates are also reasonably stable.
- Protein labeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging