We have purified to homogeneity a DNase from a Crithidia fasciculata crude mitochondrial lysate. The enzyme is present in two forms, either as a 32 kDa polypeptide or as a multimer containing the 32 kDa polypeptide in association with a 56 kDa polypeptide. Native molecular weight measurements indicate that these forms are a monomer and possibly an α2β2 tetramer, respectively. The monomeric and multimeric forms of the enzyme are similar in their catalytic activities. Both digest double-stranded DNA about twice as efficiently as single-stranded DNA. They introduce single-strand breaks into a supercoiled plasmid but do not efficiently make double-strand breaks. They degrade a linearized plasmid more efficiently than a nicked plasmid. Both enzymes degrade a 5'-32P-labeled double-stranded oligonucleotide to completion, with the 5'-terminal nucleotide ultimately being released as a 5'-mononucleotide. One difference between the monomeric and multimeric forms of the enzyme, demonstrated by a band shift assay, is that the multimeric form binds tightly to double-stranded DNA, possibly aggregating it.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nucleic acids research|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
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